Canada is a large and developed country in North America. It is the second largest country in the world with an area of about 99.9 lakh square kilometers. The word ‘Canada’ is derived from the word ‘Kanata’ which means ‘village’ and ‘big village’.
America is situated south of Canada and its border with America is the second largest international border in the world. This post provides information about 6 important topics of Canada, such as the country’s flag, states and union territories, population, etc.
The current Canadian flag began to be officially hoisted on 15 February 1965. Earlier, the appearance of the Canadian flag had been changed several times.
The Canadian flag is then unofficially called the Maple Leaf to the Flag of Canada. Maple is the name of a tree found in Canada whose leaves are inscribed in a flag.
It was prepared by Dr. George Stanley who took Canadian history into consideration when preparing it. The leaves of the Maple tree have been inscribed because people here have been using the sap of this tree for centuries and are doing so in the present time.
There are also two standing red colored leaves in the flag and Maple tree leaf on the white part in the middle. Their ratio is 1: 2: 1. The white color signifies honesty and peace while the red color stands for hardness, strength and valor. This red and white color is derived from the flag of England because Canada was ruled by the British and most of the people of Canada are descendants of the British.
In the year 2016, the population of Canada is approximately 30 million. The estimated figure as of 25 August 2017 is 3,66,77,787. This population is only 0.49% of the world’s population.
The population of the country is very less as compared to the large area of the country. The population density here is just 4 people per square kilometer, making it one of the lowest population density countries in the world. For your information, tell us that in 2017, India’s population density is about 452 people per square kilometer i.e. 113 times more than Canada.
Canada is ranked 38th in the world in terms of population and 232nd out of 246 countries in terms of population density.
82.1% of its population lives in urban areas. The average age of all the people in the country is 40.8 years.
Religion in Canada
Canada is a secular state and is home to almost all major religions of the world. Religion does not play a special role in the daily lives of most citizens, but they all believe in God. As of 2011, the population according to religion in Canada is something like this-
Christians – Christians are the majority here, and around 39% of the 67% consider the Roman Catholic branch.
Non-religious – Non-religious and non-religious people who have no religion.
Islam – Canada had only 13 Muslims in the 1871 census, but today Islam is the second largest religion in Canada, with a population of about 1.2 million.
Hinduism – Hindus have arrived in about four groups in Canada. First those who have gone from India till the British Raj. Most of these include Gujarati and Punjabi Hindus. The other is Tamil from Sri Lanka, who came to Canada in hundreds after the violence in Sri Lanka in 1983. The third is the local people of Canada, who converted to Hinduism on their own. The fourth is Nepali Hindus who came to Canada in very small numbers. The number of Hindus here in 2011 was 4 lakh 97 thousand which was 1.45% of the total population.
Sikhism – Sikhs are in large numbers among migrants from India to Canada and other countries. Canada also has the largest Indian community after Sikh Hindus. In 2011 the number of Sikhs here was 4 lakh 54 thousand which was 1.4% of the total population.
Canada’s Population by Ethnicity
States and Union Territories of Canada
Canada is divided into 10 states and 3 union territories. All the three union territories are in the north of the country, and because they are very small in number due to their proximity to the North Pole, there was no need to give them statehood. Let me tell you that the area of the three union territories is as much as the area of India and Nepal and the population is just 1 lakh 19 thousand. We have a population of more than one and a half lakh in many cities.
Canada’s Provinces and their Capitals
|Prince Edward Island||Charlottetown|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||St. John’s|
Territories of Canada And Their Capitals
Area of Canadian’s States
|Newfoundland and Labrador||405,212|
|Prince Edward Island||5,660|
Note – The area also includes the area of water sources such as rivers and lakes. But the area of water that is not completely surrounded by land is not included.
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