CPCB stands for Central Pollution Control Board. It is a statutory organization which was constituted in September 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. The CPCB has an automatic monitoring station in New Delhi at ITO intersection. It regularly monitors the Resirable Suspended Particulate Matter (RSPM), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Ozone (O3), Sulphur Dioxide (SO2), Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM) etc.
It has responsibilities to conduct monitoring of water and air quality, and maintains monitoring data. The agency also works with industries and all levels of government in a wide variety of voluntary pollution prevention programs and energy conservation efforts. It advises the central government to prevent and control water and air pollution.
Functions of CPCB
- Air quality/ pollution – CPCB runs nationwide programs of ambient air quality monitoring known as National Air Quality Monitoring Programme.
- Water quality/ pollution – CPCB in collaboration with concerned SPCBs/PCCs established a nationwide network of water quality monitoring, which has running 1019 stations in 27 States and 6 Union Territories.
- Urban area programs – CPCB develop a comprehensive urban improvement system employing practical, innovative and non-conventional solutions.
- Municipal Solid Waste rules – It is responsible for collection, segregation, storage, transportation, processing and disposal of municipal solid.
- Noise Pollution/ Rules – CPCB has the responsibility to regulate and control noise producing and generating sources with the objective of maintaining the ambient air quality standards.
- Environmental Data Statistics – CPCB manages environmental data statistic in which air quality data and water quality data comes through.