The swinging gardens of Babylon are one of the 7 wonders of the ancient world. The gardens are believed to have been located in the ancient city of Babylon in Iraq. However, there is no firm evidence to prove whether these gardens were actually there or not. It is said that these swinging gardens were not situated on the ground but were grown on the stone roofs of a palace. If this garden were truly located, it would have been one of the most beautiful gardens man-made.
Facts Related to Hanging Gardens of Babylon
1. The swinging gardens of Babylon are the only wonders of the 7 wonders of the ancient world that probably never existed.
2. These gardens are said to have been built by King Nebuchadnezzar to please his queen Amytis.
3. Where the queen Ametis lived before the marriage, shrubs, tall trees and flowering bushes were common, but Babylonian lacked them all. That is why King Nebuchadnezzar made this garden full of waterfalls, lakes and trees for him.
4. King Nebuchadnezzar ruled for about 43 years from 605 to 562 BCE and the gardens are believed to have been built during this period. It is also said that this garden was destroyed due to a severe earthquake 2 centuries before Christ.
5. Many ancient Greek and Roman historians have written about why, how and who built these gardens. But the details of most of them vary.
6. At present, no firm archaeological evidence of these gardens has been found. But if it were to be a garden today, Baghdad would have been located to the south of the city.
7. If the swinging gardens of Babylon really existed, then 31,000 liters of water would be needed daily to irrigate them.
8. These gardens are believed to be situated at a height of 75 feet.
9. At the time when these gardens are considered to be in existence, today there are many terraces written of that time, out of which not even one of these gardens is described.
10. These gardens are also called ‘swinging gardens of Semiramis’.
11. The swinging gardens were not hanging on the floor, but were grown on all the roofs of a palace.
12. Many historians and archaeologists believe that this garden really existed and it was destroyed due to war and natural causes.
13. A Greek historian Diodorus Siculus has described that these gardens were spread over an area of 400 sqft on all the roofs of the palace. The walls of this palace were up to 80 feet high.
14. Based on the description of Diodorus Siculus, from 1899 to 1917, a German archaeologist Robert Koldway discovered a place that resembled the description of the swinging gardens of Diodorus. They discovered three large dry ponds on the floor of the discovered space. These pools are believed to have been used to irrigate swinging gardens.
15. The place discovered by archaeologist Robert Coldway raises many scholarly questions as the place is located 480 km from Babylon.
16. New discoveries have shown that such gardens could really exist because it was not a difficult task to build such gardens at that time. However, the question of where they were located still remains.