ISRO is India’s National Space Agency with the objective of providing space related technology to India. Because of ISRO, India is among the six countries that have the ability to make satellite and launch them. Let us tell you some interesting facts related to this great institution of ours.
Interesting Facts about ISRO
1. ISRO was founded by Dr. Vikram Sarabhai on the day of Independence in 1969. He is called the father of India’s space program.
2. ISRO has its head quarters in Bengaluru and has a total of 13 centers across the country.
3. About 17 thousand scientists work in ISRO. You will be surprised to know that many scientists have dedicated their entire life to ISRO and did not get married for life.
4. Full form of ISRO is – Indian Space Research Organization. In Hindi it is called ‘Indian Space Research Organization’.
5. You will be surprised to know that India’s Department of Space used to be under the Department of Atomic Energy of India, but the work of the Department of Space was very much and hence in the year 1969 it was made a separate entity under the name of ISRO.
6. As of October 2016, ISRO has launched more than 100 domestic and foreign satellites. Foreign satellites also have many big countries like America and Russia. ISRO has earned more than Rs 700 crores by launching foreign satellites.
7. ISRO’s last 40-year spending is less than half of NASA’s one-year expenditure. NASA’s internet speed is 91GBps and ISRO’s internet speed is 2GBps.
8. The first satellite of ISRO which was launched on 19 April 1975 with the help of Russia. Its name was Aryabhata.
9. In June 2020, the Government of India decided to open up the space sector to private companies. That is, private companies of India will be able to work in space like Elon Musk’s company SpaceX. Right now only ISRO does this work, but ISRO is a government body.
10. Under Chandrayaan-1 expedition, ISRO sent an unmanned vehicle into the moon’s orbit for research.
11. Chandrayaan was released from the Satish Dhawan Space Center on 22 October 2008 and it took about 5 days to reach the moon and 15 days to set up in the moon’s orbit.
12. Scientists believed that Chandrayaan-1 would continue to work for 2 years, but unfortunately after 10 months, the mission came to an end only after it lost contact with Chandrayaan in August 2009. But the good thing is that in these ten months Chandrayaan had completed 95% of his work.
13. You will be happy to know that due to Chandrayaan-1, India has become the first country to find water on the moon. Chandrayaan sent strong evidence that there was water on the rocks on the moon, which was also accepted by the rest of the world space agencies.
14. Under the Mangalyaan mission, ISRO sent another satellite to Mars on 5 November 2013 which successfully orbited Mars on 24 September 2014 after a 298-day journey.
15. With Mangalyaan reaching Mars, India became the first country to reach Mars in the first attempt. Prior to this, the first Mars expedition of any country was not successful.
16. India is also the first country in Asia to reach Mars because before this, China and Japan had failed in their Mars mission.
Major Rocket (Launch Vehicle)
17. A rocket is a vehicle from which satellites are released, ISRO has two major rockets – PSLV and GSLV.
18. PSLV is used to drop small sized light satellites. So far, more than 70 satellites have been dropped by PSLV.
19. 10 satellites were launched simultaneously on 28 April 2008 with the help of PSLV and on 22 June 2016 it simultaneously placed 20 satellites into orbit the Earth.
20. GSLV heavy types of satellites are used to place at a height of 36 thousand kilometers from the earth.
21. ISRO sent 104 satellites together into space on 15 February 2017 with the help of PSLV-C37 rocket. With this, India’s record of leaving the most satellite at one time became the name of India. After this comes the number of Russians who left 37 satellites at one time.
22. Indian scientists used to board buses from Thiruvananthapuram every day at the launch of India’s first rocket and had lunch from the railway station. Parts of the first rocket were carried on bicycles.
Aditya is a satellite, which will study the heaviest part of the Sun as yet the heaviest part of the sun can only be studied at the time of solar eclipse. This mission is proposed in the year 2019-20.
Gaganyaan Mission 2022
Three people will be sent to space under Gaganyaan. These people will remain in space for at least seven days. The Cabinet has approved an amount of 10 thousand crores for Gaganyaan. This includes technology development costs, aircraft hard-ware procurement and necessary infrastructure. Also, the government has targeted to send it by 2022.