ISRO Stands for Indian Space Research Organization. ISRO is an Indian institution that undertakes space science and space technology. When the world’s first artificial satellite was launched into space, then the father of Space Science in India, Dr. Vikram Sarabhai understood the utilities of artificial satellite. Dr. Sarabhai gathered scientists, thinkers, social scientists from every corner of India and formed a formation. When space research was formed in 1961, it was kept under the supervision of the Department of Atomic Energy, headed by Homi Bhabha.
In 1962, the Indian National Committee for Space Research was formed, whose Chairman was Dr. Sarabhai. With the passage of time work load of space research increased and it was difficult to handle by Department of Atomic Energy. ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) was formed in 1969 by separating the Indian National Committee from the Department of Atomic Energy.
Mars Orbiter Mission (Mom) – Manglyaan was sent to Mars in 2014. India became the first country to reach the First Attempt on Mars. So far, only four Space Organization have reached Mars and India is one of them. Mars Orbiter Mission had a budget of 450 Crore, which is the lowest budget to reach Mars. The purpose of this mission is to find out about the environment of Mars and keep an eye on the activities on Mars.
Chandrayaan 1 – It was launched on 22 October 2008, which was a major achievement for India. This was India’s first mission to the moon. The purpose of this mission was to find topography and chemical characteristics on the moon. After some time ISRO lost contact with the moon.
Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle – On 15 February 2017, ISRO created a history. ISRO launched 104 Satellites in space simultaneously. ISRO has set a world record by simultaneously launching 104 satellites into space.