Nature of Learning – Hello friends, today we are going to share meaning of learning and nature or features of learning.
Meaning of Learning – It refers to the process which creates a permanent change in the behaviour of a person as a result of his direct or indirect experience or practice. It is such a process which changes the earlier behaviour of a person. The change the behaviour of the person can both be good or bad. Since learning changes the behaviour of person, it comes to have a great importance in organisational behaviour.
Whatever we do, every activity is connected with learning. It means that everything can be learnt, e.g., the leadership style, the tendency of a supervisor, the efficiency of a worker, the way of talking by an employee, etc. – all this cannot be learnt.
Nature of Learning
(1) It Creates Change: Learning brings change in behaviour. If a person learns something but there is no change in his behaviour, it cannot be described as learning. For example, an employee undergoes a training for doing work with the help of better systems of working. As a result of this, he starts working in a better way. This will be called learning. On the contrary, if he works in his usual manner even after undergoing training, it cannot be called learning.
(2) It Creates Permanent Change: Learning is what is permanent. If after getting training to work it is forgotten it cannot be called learning. It will be called learning only when the information or knowledge obtained through training is brought into use for a long time. A change happening only for a short time does not fall in the category of learning.
Features of Learning
(3) It must be Felt: Whatever we learn should get reflected in our behaviour. If our learning is not seen in our behaviour, it will not be called learning. For example, we have learnt the principles of management after an intensive study, but our behaviour does not reflect it, it will not be called learning. After learning about the principles of management, bringing them into use is the real learning.
(4) It is not Always for Betterment: It is often understood that we learn for our betterment. For example, a person learns various techniques of stealing and brings them into practice. This will also be called learning even if it happens to be negative.
(5) It has Two Sources: The change in behaviour after learning is the outcome of the direct or indirect experience. It means that there are two sources of learning-direct experience and indirect experience. For example, if you undergo a training for driving a car in a Car Driving School, it will be direct experience in driving a car. On the contrary, if you go to and come from your office in the car df your colleague for a long time, you daily see your colleague driving his car and you, too, learn to drive, then it will be called learning to drive through an indirect experience.
Nature of Learning
(6) Its Repetition is a Must: A thing learnt once has got to be repeated time and again in order to make it permanent. If it is not done, the acquired learning gets destroyed. In an organisation in order to help the acquired learning getting permanent some sort of reward can be instituted, e.g., the employees can be told if they give better results with the help of their new learning they will be rewarded. The desire to get rewarded will help the employees to repeatedly utilise their newly acquired learning.
(7) It is an Intangible Activity: Learning is an activity which is not visible but can only be felt in the behaviour of an individual. Therefore, learning is not a tangible object. Suppose a person has learnt the art of teaching. Learning of teaching by him cannot be seen but it can be felt while he is teaching.
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(8) It is a Continuous Activity: Learning is a continuous activity. Whatever we do in our daily life, we learn something or the other, consciously or unconsciously, from it. There is no fixed time or age for learning something.
Nature of Learning
(9) It is Related with all Activities: It is not that we can learn some particular activities but a person can learn every activity related to his life.
(10) It Affects Behaviour: Learning affects one’s behaviour. In other words, whatever we learn we reflect it in our behaviour. Every thing learnt influences or changes the behaviour of a person.
(11) It Gives Satisfaction: We generally learn with a particular objective. When our determined objective is achieved it provides us satisfaction.