Nature Of Organisational Behaviour – Hello friends, welcome to pdffiles.in, today we are going to share notes related to Nature Of Organisational Behaviour. The following points bring out the nature of features of the organisational behaviour.
Nature Of Organisational Behaviour
|1||OB is a Systematic Study|
|2||Subject Matter of OB|
|3||OB is Application Oriented|
|4||OB is Performance Oriented|
|5||OB is Multi-disciplinary|
|6||OB is a Way of Thinking|
|7||OB is a Part of Management|
|8||OB is Change Oriented|
|9||OB is Related with Explanation, Prediction and Control of Human Behaviour|
|10||OB is not restricted to Human Behaviour Alone|
|11||OB is a New Field of Study|
|12||OB has Three Levels of Study|
|13||OB is a Normative Science|
|14||OB is an Optimistic Approach|
Nature Of Organisational Behaviour
(1) OB is a Systematic Study: OB is a systematic study and not just a guess work. For example, if a person is taken ill during the winter, his well-wisher would say that he must not have put on woollen clothes, while some other would say that some cold drinks must have been taken, while the third one would assert that such a thing does happen in such a season, etc. However, nobody knows why it happened. Even then people do not hesitate to make a guess. Under OB instead of such a guess work, a systematic study is undertaken. An effort is made to understand as to why did it happen. Hence, OB is a systematic study in which the relationship of cause and effect is sought to be understood.
(2) Subject Matter of OB: Under OB the study is primarily related to individual, group, organisational structure, technique and environment. The behaviour of an individual and a group is observed under different situations such as categorisation of rank, rules, work procedure, reporting technique, reward technique (system), etc. The effect of these things on the behaviour of people is carefully observed. How does the production technique affect people’s behaviour? Similarly, how does the environment (e.g. family, government, friends, etc.) affect behaviour?
(3) OB is Application Oriented: With the help of OB we come to possess such techniques which help us to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the organisation. These techniques can relate to organisation structure, motivation, communication, leadership, training, conflict, stress, etc. Research is regularly being conducted regarding the employee’s attitude, perception, learning, personality, transactional analysis, etc.
(4) OB is Performance Oriented: OB is related to performance in some way or the other. With its help answers to various performance-related questions are sought to be known, e.g. why is the performance of an individual up or low? How can it be improved? Is it possible to improve it with the help of training?
(5) OB is Multi-disciplinary: It means that this subject is a mixture of various other subjects, their principles, models, theories and methods. Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology, Political Science, etc. have all contributed to the present status of OB.
(6) OB is a Way of Thinking: OB is nothing but a way of thinking. Under it thinking is indulged into on the individual basis, group basis, or on the organisational basis. On the basis of such a thinking, some techniques are prepared and the human behaviour is brought under complete control.
(7) OB is a Part of Management: OB is related to the behaviour of an individual or group in the organisation whereas management is related to the achievement of organisational objectives. Objectives be achieved without human resource. Therefore, it is important for a manager to have knowledge of OB. Therefore, it can be said that OB is not born to replace management but is there as a colleague. In cannot short, it can be said that OB is an important and integral pårt of management.
(8) OB is Change Oriented: The nature of OB is change oriented. Human behaviour is constantly changing. In other words, an individual mindset (tendency), ignorance, personality, etc. keep changing. Consequently, new techniques have to be discovered to behave with the people. By doing so the desired results can be obtained.
(9) OB is Related with Explanation, Prediction and Control of Human Behaviour: The nature of OB is to explain, predict and control human behaviour
- (i) With the help of OB, the information about a particular behaviour of a particular individual is obtained. For example, some very important person leaves the company. Going into the reason, it comes to be known that it happened because of inadequate pay. This explains human behaviour.
- (ii) OB gives us the information about a particular person’s likely behaviour in a particular situation. This is a prediction of human behaviour.
- (iii) With the help of OB, we get the information as to how people in a particular situation will behave. Taking into consideration some adverse or undesirable behaviour, correct technique is applied and this possibility is eliminated. This is controlling human behaviour.
(10) OB is not restricted to Human Behaviour Alone: Undoubtedly we can say OB studies human behaviour. But we cannot say that it studies only human behaviour. It is not restricted to this study alone because it also studies those factors which govern it. These factors are-nature of the job, technique used, organisational structure, the surrounding environment, etc. All these factors either help the people or hinder them during the course of their job.
(11) OB is a New Field of Study: OB is a new field of study. Its popularity is constantly on the rise since 1950. Even then, it cannot be placed in the category of a subject, because its principles and theories have not been formulated so far. So far the help of the theories and principles of many other subjects has been taken. Therefore, it can be said that OB is still in its infancy but it is moving ahead gradually.
(12) OB has Three Levels of Study: OB studies human behaviour at three levels, e.g. individual, group and organisation level. It has been shown in the diagram. All these three levels are interrelated and are equally important. In conclusion, it can be said that OB can be understood by studying human behaviour at individual, group and organisation level.
(13) OB is a Normative Science: The meaning of normative science here simply means a science that is accepted by all or is popular. The nature of OB is to find out the way to ensure ideal behaviour which alone can help in achieving the desired objectives.
(14) OB is an Optimistic Approach: The nature of OB’s approach is optimistic. In this context, it is recognised by the OB that every individual has unlimited abilities. He is courageous, productive, creative and cooperative. If he is provided sufficient opportunities, he can utilise his abilities for the betterment of the organisation.