History is replete with many bloody and cruel poachers who were to say that they were emperors, but they did more than robbers and murderers. One of these names is Taimur Lang, a ruler of the fourteenth century who founded the Timuri dynasty. His kingdom extended from West Asia to Central Asia through India. Babur was the descendant of Timur, the founder of the Mughal Empire of India.
1. Taimur Lang was born on 6 April 1336 in the city city of Uzbekistan. Timur’s father had converted to Islam and Timur was also a staunch follower of Islam.
2. Due to the poverty of the family, Taimur Lang started small thieves since childhood. Gradually he formed his gang. After forming the gang, Taimur Lang started to commit big looting incidents and thus became a dreaded marauder.
3. In 1369, when the Mongol ruler of Samarkand died, he occupied the throne of Samarkand. Like the Mongol conqueror Genghis Khan, Taimur Lang wanted to trample the whole world with his power and, like Alexander, wished to Conquer the whole world.
4. The name Taimur means ‘IRON’, and Lang means ‘LAME’ ). Lame was added after his name he lost one of his legs in a battle. He claimed to be a descendant of Genghis, but in reality he was Turk.
5. Taimur first attacked Baghdad, the capital of Iraq, in 1380, where thousands of people were slaughtered and piled on their skulls. Then he turned many beautiful states into ruins one after the other. He had great pleasure in getting big piles of chopped heads.
6. During the looting in many countries, Taimur not only accumulated wealth, but he also prepared a large army. Taimur was also a sharp minded and brave leader, due to which the soldiers respected him a lot. He used to stand in the front line in every battle and this excited the soldiers.
Taimur attacks India
7. After conquering several states, Taimur planned to attack India. He had heard a lot about the wealth of India, so he was eager to attack India.
8. Initially, the commander of Taimur was not ready to attack India but when he declared his purpose to war against Hinduism in India for the promotion of Islam, his commander was ready to attack India.
9. The complete information about Taimur’s India attack is found in his biography ‘ Tuzk-e-Taimuri ‘. He wrote – My goal to invade Hindustan is to wage a religious war against the Hindus so that the army of Islam also gets the wealth and valuable things of the Hindus.
10. In September 1398, Taimur left Samarkand to attack India and entered India through the Indus River. First of all, he attacked the city of Tullumba and killed thousands of its inhabitants and imprisoned many. Many temples were destroyed.
11. After this, he attacked the Rajput fort named Kator on the border of Kashmir and ordered all the men to be murdered and imprisoned women and children. He built many towers of the slaughtered men’s heads. Taimur writes in his biography that in a short time all the people of the fort were taken away by the sword. Ten thousand people were beheaded in an hour. The sword of Islam bathed in the blood of the infidels. My soldiers, treasures and food grains, which had been collected in the fort for years, were looted by my soldiers. Set the houses on fire and put them to ashes.
12. When Timur entered the Jat region, he ordered his army to ‘slaughter whichever is found.’ After this he proceeded towards Delhi and mixed the towns on the way into the soil and the people. Along with killing him, he also took thousands of people as prisoners.
13. He stayed in Loni Nagar before attacking Delhi, now the number of detainees had exceeded 1 lakh, out of which only a few were Muslims. While attacking Delhi, he did not want to leave these prisoners alone in the camp and he ordered that all prisoners should be killed except Muslims prisoners and anyone who fails to follow this order should also be killed. . In connection with this order, Timur writes in his biography.
14. Delhi was ruled by the Tughlag Sultan Mahmud at that time, he was an inept ruler. He fought Timur with his 40 thousand infantry, 10 thousand horsemen and 120 elephants, but was badly defeated and fled from the battlefield.
15. When Timurlang reached Delhi after defeating the Sultan, he looted the city completely for 5 days and brutally slaughtered the residents, the women were enslaved and abused them all their lives. He did not wish to rule in India, so after staying in Delhi for 15 days, he returned to his capital Samarkand.
16. On his way back from India, he looted the areas of Meerut, Haridwar, Punjab and Jammu badly and massacred the unruly people. After about 6 months in India, he crossed the Indus river on 19 March 1399 and left India.
17. According to an estimate, Timur’s army had killed about 2 crore people in all its attacks and wars, which was 5 percent of the total population of the world at that time.
18. The people of Uzbekistan still consider Timur as their hero and many of his statues (idols) are installed in the cities of Uzbekistan. In the history of Uzbekistan, Timur is portrayed as a hero and his black exploits are not discussed at all.
19. Timur died in 1405 when he was going to attack China. After his death he was buried in Samarkand where his tomb remains today.
20. In 1941, Russian archaeologists excavated Timur’s tomb and studied his skeleton and found that his hip bone was broken and two fingers of his right hand were missing. His skeleton also revealed that he was 5 feet 9 inches in length and had a wide chest.