Types Of Groups – Hello friends, welcome to pdffiles.in today we are sharing a most important topic with you which is none other than Types Of Groups in an organisation.
(1) Formal Group
That group which is formed under the Formal Organisation with the purpose of achieving the objectives of the organisation. For example, 20 people work under the Production Manager. He divides his entire production activity into four parts. Every part of the work is assigned to a group of five persons. In this way four groups are formed. These are all formal groups.
(2) Informal Group ( Types Of Groups )
This refers to the automatic formation of a group which emerges at the work place because of common interests and liking of the members. Informal group is formed by some members of the formal group or sometimes by the members of several formal groups. For example, 20 subordinates work under a production manager. He divides his entire work into four parts. Each part of the work is assigned to a group of five people. In this way four groups are formed. They are all formal groups. Now, out of the five people in the first group three have common interests. Because of this they form a group of their own. This is called informal group.
(3) Membership Group
Membership Groups means a group which has actually members of it, e.g., a Club is an example of membership group. Anybody desiring to join it has to obtain its membership. In other words, no body can be a member without first obtaining the membership.
(4) Reference Group ( Types Of Groups )
This is a form of group which is used by an individual to establish his identity. It is not necessary that a reference group is a reality, it can be imaginary also. For example, professors of the same subject in different universities who are not bound to a group formally, but even then being scholars of the same subject they are recognised as members of the same group.
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(5) Primary Group
Primary Group means a group of people who have face to face and deep relationship. For example, a group of friends. Such groups have the following features:
- Members have direct relationship.
- Members deeply love one another.
- Members have a feeling of cooperation.
- Members have common interests and objectives.
- There is a free (open) and informal communication among the members.
- The size of these groups is small.
(6) Secondary Group ( Types Of Groups )
Group whose members have no face to face and deep relationship, e.g., a social organisation. The following are the main features of these groups:
- Members have indirect relationship.
- Members do not have much love for each other.
- There is a lack of cooperation among the members.
- The interests and likings of the members are not common.
- Members have formal communication. .
- The size of such groups is very large.
(7) Open and Closed Groups
Open groups are those groups whose membership is open which means any number of people can be their members at anytime. There is no special objective of their formation. On the contrary, closed groups mean those groups whose membership is limited. It means new members are not allowed to join. Their formation is due to some secret objective to be achieved.